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Alcohol, being a neurotoxin that has great
impact on people’s brains in an intricate manner due to continued exposure and
repeated withdrawal, can cause serious and life-threatening health concerns.
Alcoholism is associated with medical, neurological, and psychosocial
One of these complications involves Alcohol-Induced Psychosis, a secondary
psychosis in which contact with reality is compromised by delusions and
hallucinations that occur during alcohol-related conditions such as acute
intoxication, withdrawal, alcohol idiosyncratic intoxication, or when there is
as major reduction of alcohol consumption.
Affecting roughly 3% of alcohol dependents,
Alcohol-Induced Psychosis indicates an acute stage of alcohol withdrawal characterized
by seizures and other physiological concerns. It can signify an extreme amount
of alcohol that can be manifested by high alcohol blood content level or
poisoning. Without proper treatment, alcoholism can endanger one’s life. Most
intoxication-related deaths, in fact, are usually caused by alcohol poisoning
type of alcohol psychosis is the unusual condition called idiosyncratic
Intoxication that occurs when a small amount of alcohol causes severe reactions
and intoxication. This is characterized by aggression, impaired consciousness,
prolonged sleep, transient hallucinations, illusions, and delusions. These
symptoms occur rapidly, usually in elderly people, and are followed by amnesia.
Alcohol-Induced Psychosis can be
differentiated from schizophrenia by clinical method which can be difficult. It
is generally acknowledged that alcohol-induced psychosis discontinues with
abstinence unlike schizophrenia. However, it can become more confusing when
persistent psychosis progresses. Co morbid psychotic disorders such as
schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder may also exist.
There are studies that pointed out the
differences between schizophrenia and Alcohol-Induced Psychosis. People who
suffer from Alcohol-induced Psychosis usually come from lower educational
levels, have later onset of psychosis, and have higher levels of depressive and
anxiety symptoms. Patients with Alcohol-Induced Psychosis also demonstrate
fewer negative and disorganized symptoms, have better insight and judgment and
less functional impairment.
Aside from alcohol, other types of substances
can bring about psychotic symptoms. Generally, susceptibility to
substance-induced psychosis is said to be on a case-to-case basis and depends
on how vulnerable a person is. Currently, there are no ways of knowing whether
a person will have substance-induced psychosis. However, people who have mental
illness history are found to be more vulnerable to having psychotic symptoms
while using substances.
OF ALCOHOL-INDUCED PSYCHOSIS
According to Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), the disorder should only be diagnosed
when the psychotic symptoms observed are above and beyond what would be
anticipated during intoxication or withdrawal, and when the they are found to
DSMIV-TR listed the criteria needed for the diagnosis of substance-induced
Presence of prominent hallucinations or
and/or delusions develop during, or within one month of, intoxication or
withdrawal from a substance or medication known to cause psychotic symptoms.
symptoms are not actually part of another psychotic disorder (such as schizophrenia,
schizophrenia form disorder , schizoaffective disorder ) that is not substance-induced.
For instance, if the psychotic symptoms began prior to substance or medication
use, then another psychotic disorder is likely.
symptoms do not only occur during delirium.
OF ALCOHOL-INDUCED PSYCHOSIS
Substance-induced psychosis is directly
caused by the effects of substances such as alcohol, medication, and toxins.
Specifically, alcohol-induced psychosis is caused by extreme intake of alcohol.
Psychotic symptoms can also result from intoxication on and withdrawal from amphetamines,
cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, phencyclidine and related
substances, sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics, and other substances.
Psychotic symptoms and promptness of the
onset depend on the type of substance. Psychotic symptoms caused by alcohol
usually appear only after days or weeks of extreme amount of consumption, while
it takes only a few minutes for the symptoms of other substance-induced
psychosis to manifest. Auditory, visual and tactile hallucinations are common in
alcohol-induced psychotic disorder, while persecutory delusion and tactile
hallucinations are common in both cocaine-induced and amphetamine-induced
OF ALCOHOL-INDUCED PSYCHOSIS
Alcohol-induced psychosis is a condition that
can be drawn off with cessation of alcohol consumption. The disorder is
self-limiting and most patients experience discontinuance of psychotic symptoms
after several weeks of abstinence. Although, chronic psychosis may develop with
continued alcohol consumption, this may require long-term treatment with
The cure for this condition concentrates on
the effect of the treatment on the individual’s body. Immediate medical help
may be needed especially if the cause is alcohol intoxication. For patients who
reached the state of mind to harm other people, high-potency antipsychotic
drugs are given.
For other substance-induced psychotic
disorders, the treatment is similar to the cure for primary psychotic disorder
such as schizophrenia. Appropriate treatments such as psychiatric
hospitalization and antipsychotic medication are advised.